APA Referencing Format (6th ed.)
Book with a single author
Cottrell, S. (2013). The study skills handbook (5th ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Book with two authors
McQueen, R. A., & Knussen, C. (2006). An introduction to research methods and statistics in psychology. Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Book with three to five authors
Greig, A., Taylor, J., & MacKay, T. (2013). Doing research with children: A practical guide. London: Sage.
Book with six or seven authors
Bexby, C., Nigel, E., Smith, K., Rodgers, G. A., Williams, H., & Robinson, J. (2005). Referencing and plagiarism: A complete guide. London: Sage.
Book with eight or more authors
Berman, A., Snyder, S. J., Levett-Jones, T., Dwyer, T., Hales, M., Harvey, N. … Stanley, D. (2012). Kozier and Erb’s fundamentals of nursing (2nd Aust. ed.). Frenchs Forest, Australia: Pearson Australia.
Smith, J. A. (Ed.). (2008). Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods. London: Sage.
Chapter in an edited book
Van de Vijver, F., & Leung, K. (2011). Equivalence and bias: A review of concepts, models, and data analytic procedures. In D. Matsumoto & F. Van de Vijver (Eds.), Cross-cultural research methods in psychology (pp. 17-45). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Howitt, D. (2011). Introduction to research methods in psychology. Retrieved from https://www.dawsonera.com.
Haslam, S. (2003). Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology (SAGE Foundations of Psychology series) [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com
Book with no author
Webster’s basic English dictionary. (2000). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Edition of a book other than the first
Buglear, J. (2010). Stats mean business (2nd ed.). Burlington, MA: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Castro, F. (2008). My life (A. Hurley, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 2006).
Entry in a an encyclopedia or dictionary
Barber, C. (2009). Gender identity. In: E. M. Anderman & L. H. Anderman (Eds.), Psychology of classroom learning: An encyclopedia (Vols. 1-2, pp. 428-430). Detroit, MI: Gale-Cengage.
VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Illustrated book/picture book
Ogaz, N., & Shubeck, P. (Illustrator). (2008). Buster and the Amazing Daisy: Adventures with Asperger Syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley.
Hall, A. (2012). [Review of the book Child psychology and psychiatry: Frameworks for practice, by D. Skuse, H. Bruce, L. Dowdney & D. Mrazek].Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 17(2), 126.
- Journals, Magazines and Periodicals
Journal article with one author
Middleton, J. (2011). The test of time: Neuropsychological approaches to children:Towards a developmental neuropsychology. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 16(2), 247-51. https://doi:10.1177/1359104511404364
Journal article with two authors
Garofalo, A., & Dupuis, P. (2013). The impact of coercive false-confession evidence on mock juror perception. Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology, 5, 29-39. Retrieved from www.forensicpsychologyunbound.ws/ OAJFP / Volume_5__2013.html
Journal articles with three to five authors
Roberts, B. W., Lejuez, C., Krueger, R. F., Richards, J. M., & Hill, P. L. (2009). What is conscientiousness and how can it be assessed? Developmental Psychology, 50(5),1315-1330. https://doi:10.1037/a0031109
Journal article with six or more authors
Dietz, P. M., Williams, S. B., Callaghan, W. M., Bachman, D. J., Whitlock, E. P., & Hornbrook,M. C. (2007). Clinically identified maternal depression before, during, and after pregnancies ending in live births. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164(10), 1515-1520. https://doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2007.06111893
Journal article (print)
Roberts, B. W., Lejuez, C., Krueger, R. F., Richards, J. M., & Hill, P. L. (2009). What is conscientiousness and how can it be assessed? Developmental psychology, 50(5),1315-1330.
Kuttner, R. (2003, September 8). The great American pension-fund robbery. Business Week, 24-26. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com
Morris, S. (2007, March 9). Why children become so attached to toys and comfort blankets. The Guardian, p.14.
Advance online publications
Kappes, A. & Oettinger, G. (2014). The emergence of goal pursuit: Mental contrasting connects future and reality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. Advanced online publication. https://doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2014.03.014
- Websites news media and Audio Visual
Basic web page
Beard, M. (2006). The fall of the Roman Republic. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/fallofromanrepublic_article_01.shtml
Web page from a University site
Johnson, K. A., & Becker, J. A. (n.d.). The whole brain atlas. Retrieved from Harvard
University Medical School website: http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/
Web page with no date
Royal Institute of British Architects. (n.d.). Shaping the future: Careers in architecture.
Retrieved from http://ww.careersinarchitecture.net/
Hagon, P. (2009, September 27). Immediate sharing [Web log post]. Retrieved from
APA Style. (2011, March 10). How do you spell success in APA Style? Easy! Consult Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary or APA’s Dictionary of Psychology. Read more over at the APA Style Blog [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/APAStyle/posts/206877529328877
Gates, B. [BillGates]. (2013, February 26). #Polio is 99% eradicated. Join me & @FCBarcelona as we work to finish the job and #EndPolio. VIDEO: http://b-gat.es/X75Lvy [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/BillGates
Official publication online
Department of Health. (2014). Special educational needs (SEN) code of practice and regulations. Retrieved from https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/special-educational-needs-sen-code-of-practice-and-regulations
Psychometric assessment. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2007, from the Psychology Wiki: http://psychology.wikia.com/wiki/Psychometric_assessment
Video sharing websites (YouTube)
American Psychological Association. (2013, July 23). The sexualisation of girls [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B2PddIma3LQ&list=TLO-m_vzLRS3HxUSa94J0xNmriHrXIQpj2
Film, television, radio
Gigliotti, D., Gordon, J., & Russell, D. O. (Producers), & Russell, D. O. (Director). (2012). Silver linings playbook [Motion picture]. United States: The Weinstein Company-Mirage Enterprises.
- Television: single programme
Lynch, J. (Producer) & Walk. N. (Director). (2010, June 10). Who are we? [Television broadcast]. London: BBC.
iii. Television: single episode of a television series
Egan, D. (Writer), & Alexander, J. (Director). (2005). Failure to communicate [Television series episode]. In D. Shore (Executive producer), House. New York, NY: Fox Broadcasting.
iv. Radio broadcast
Hall, A. (Producer). (2014, May 1). Sane in insane places [Radio broadcast]. London: BBC Radio 4.
Podcasts, vidcasts, vodcasts
Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, December 19). Shrink rap radio [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.shrinkrapradio.com/
- Other Sources
- Advertisement: print (magazine)
The Wine Company. (2013, June 28). Discover our bestselling Marlborough Sauvignon [Advertisement]. Private Eye, 38.
- Advertisement: Broadcast
Audi. (2013, December 2). The new Audi Q5 [Television advertisment]. London: Channel 4.
Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012 (1), 1–101. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007967.pub2
Conference papers, symposia and poster sessions
- Conference paper in published proceedings (journal format)
Herculano-Houzel, S., Collins, C. E., Wong, P., Kaas, J. H., & Lent, R. (2008). The basic no uniformity of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 105, 12593-12598.doi: 10.1073/pnas.0805417105
- Conference paper published in book form
Taylor, J. L. & Lindsay, W. R. (2006). Developments in the treatment and management of offenders with intellectual disabilities. In: L. Falshaw & L.Rayment (Eds.), Division of Forensic Psychology Conference 2006: Invited Symposiums (pp. 23-31). Leicester: British Psychological Society.
iii. Poster sessions
Adams-Labonte, S. K. (2012, August). Daytime impairment due to college students’ technology use during sleep: Similarities to sleep apnea. Poster session presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Orlando, FL.
- Image from an online source
Di Carpi, G. (1540). The holy family [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.getty.edu/ art/collections/objects/o707.html
Hopper, E. (1925). House by the railroad [Painting]. New York, NY: Museum of Modern Art.
Hopper, E. (1925). House by the railroad [Painting]. Retrieved from http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php? object_id=78330
National Health Service (2004). More choice and control over your healthcare: Making IT better [Brochure]. London: NHS National Programme for Information Technology.
Multiple works by the same author
Bednarik, R. G. (2001). Rock art science: The scientific study of palaeoart. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols Publishers.
Bednarik, R. G. (2003a). Concerns in rock art science. Aura Newsletter, 20(1), 1-4.
Bednarik, R. G. (2003b). A figurine from the African Acheulian. Current Anthropology,
Bednarik, R. G. (2003c). Seafaring in the Pleistocene. Cambridge Archaeological
Journal, 13(1), 41-66.
- CD Recording
Hetfield, J. (1986). Master of puppets [Recorded by Metallica]. [CD]. Chatsworth, CA: Asylum Records.
- Music track
Winehouse, A. (2006). Rehab. On Back to black [CD]. New York, NY: Universal Records.
Tests and measurement instruments
Franzoi, S. L. & Shields, S.A. (1984). The Body-Esteem Scale [Measurement instrument] Retrieved from http://www.marquette.edu/psyc/facstaff_franzoi_ scale.shtml
i. Published theses/dissertations
A published dissertation/thesis is a book and should be cited accordingly.
- Unpublished dissertation/thesis
Aggrey, K. K. (2012). The collaboration between the NHS Trusts (Lincolnshire Foundation Partnership Trusts) and the voluntary sector on performance of mental health care delivery in Lincolnshire. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Lincoln, Lincoln.